The Brief.

Litigation funding insights & news

6 – April 2019

Inside This Issue

  1. Update from John Byrne and Neil Purslow, Co-Founders, Therium Capital Management
  2. Therium exceeds $1 billion milestone following the latest fundraise from global institutional investors
  3. Therium launches “Therium Access” to provide not-for-profit funding to improve access to justice in the UK
  4. Therium launches full service litigation funding operations in Australia
  5. Louise Hird joins Therium Capital Management in Melbourne from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
  6. Therium appoints Stephen Akers to lead its global insolvency practice
  7. Is litigation funding about to take off in the Nordics? By Henrik Berg and Henrik Jensen, Therium Nordic AS
  8. Keynote events
  9. Press highlights
  10. In the spotlight with Thomas Nordby, partner at Schjødt in Oslo

1. Update from John Byrne and Neil Purslow, Co-Founders, Therium Capital Management.

The demand for our litigation finance services continues at pace in all our jurisdictions across the world and we are delighted to have recently been able to announce that we have now raised more than $1billion of funds, following our latest raise of £325 million from three global institutional investors. It is Therium’s largest fund and follows the £200 million raised in February 2018.

On 1 January this year, we launched a full service offering in Australia. Therium Australia is based in Melbourne and headed by Simon Dluzniak, who was recently joined by Louise Hird. Simon has worked in litigation funding in Australia and the UK since the early 2000s. Louise is also highly experienced and came from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Therium has been funding claims in Australia since 2011 and is currently funding a number high profile shareholder class actions.

In February, Therium was named as one of the two leading litigation and arbitration funding firms in the UK by legal and business directory Leaders League, in its 2019 ranking of litigation funding. Therium was also ranked as excellent in the US ranking.

And in March, we launched “Therium Access”, www.theriumaccess.org which will provide not-for-profit funding dedicated to improving access to justice. Therium Access was launched in the UK first and we will be announcing our first grants this month. This initiative will be rolled out to other jurisdictions shortly.

In line with the ongoing growth of the business, we have continued to build our team. Last August, Elizabeth Korchin joined as an investment officer in New York. Previously, Elizabeth was a partner at Hogan Lovells, where she focused on high-stakes complex commercial litigation and arbitration, as well as intellectual property disputes, on behalf of Fortune 500 clients.

In November, we appointed Stephen Akers to lead our insolvency funding practice, which is a strong area of focus for the firm. Based in London, Stephen is one of the world’s leading insolvency practitioners, with a career stretching more than three decades, in which he has worked on some of the most complex, multi-jurisdictional insolvency cases involving substantial litigation. Stephen joined Therium from Grant Thornton where he was a partner for 16 years.

Stephen’s appointment came hot on the heels of our ‘Insolvency Litigation Funder of the Year’ accolade, won at the Turnaround Restructuring and Insolvency awards in London in recognition of our cross border insolvency funding expertise and track record.

Thank you for your interest in Therium. If you haven’t already opted-in to receive The Brief and further communications from us, please do so by using our consent form.

Finally, we would like to extend our thanks to Thomas Nordby at Schjødt law firm for being our ‘In the spotlight’ guest and for sharing his insights on the funding industry.


2. Therium exceeds $1 billion milestone following the latest fundraise from global institutional investors

Jersey, Channel Islands, 25 March, 2019. Therium Group Holdings Limited, a leading global provider of litigation, arbitration and specialty legal finance, today announced that it has exceeded an important $1billion milestone of funds raised, following a latest fund raise of £325 million from three global institutional investors, including a sovereign wealth fund, to finance litigation and arbitration globally. It is Therium’s largest fund and follows the £200 million raised in February 2018.

John Byrne, Co-Founder and CEO of Therium Capital Management Limited, said: “We are thrilled to announce the closing of our latest fund, Therium’s largest to date. Raising over $1 billion is an important milestone for the industry and underscores Therium’s leading position in the litigation finance industry globally. Interest from high quality institutional investors was stronger than ever, driven by the rapid growth of the firm, the very strong outlook for our business globally and our track record. We are delighted to have the backing of world leading institutional investors in our new fund and we are very excited about the ongoing high growth opportunity ahead for Therium, which is now in its 11th year.”

Neil Purslow, Co-Founder and Chief Investment Officer of Therium Capital Management Limited, said: “The demand for our litigation and arbitration funding continues at pace across all of our jurisdictions. The benefits of funding are becoming increasingly widespread across the world; from claimants that would not otherwise have the capital to launch their claims, to the largest corporates that use funding to transform claims into financial assets. In line with this, we are seeing a steady rise of single case funding as well as litigation and arbitration financing across multiple dispute types.”

Therium recently announced the opening of an office in Australia, to serve Asia-Pacific, where the firm has been funding cases since 2011. The firm also has investment teams in the UK, USA, Germany, Spain and Norway. Therium was the first commercial litigation funder to have operations on the ground in Germany and Scandinavia and it was the first European firm to launch a full service business in the US.

Therium will use the new funds to continue to invest in litigation and arbitration cases globally across sectors including financial services, energy and mining, industrials, technology, media and entertainment, and across all forms of commercial litigation and arbitration. Therium invests in a broad range of complex commercial disputes, from securities and shareholder actions, international arbitration, competition and anti-trust cases, through to intellectual property, insolvency and group and class actions. Furthermore, demand for Therium’s specialty legal finance solutions from corporates and law firms continues apace across jurisdictions. The new fund is expected to be deployed within two years.

In November 2018, Therium won the ‘Insolvency Litigation Funder of the Year’ award at the Turnaround Restructuring and Insolvency awards in London in recognition of its cross border insolvency funding expertise and leading track record.

In Chambers and Partners’ inaugural litigation support directory 2018, Therium was ranked as a Tier 1 litigation funder, and Neil Purslow was named a leading individual in the litigation funding industry. Therium is a founder member of the Association of Litigation Funders of England and Wales.

Last month, Therium Capital Management was top ranked as one of the two “Leading” litigation and arbitration funding firms in the UK by legal and business directory Leaders League, in their 2019 ranking of litigation funding. Therium was also ranked as “Excellent” in the 2019 US ranking.

Case highlights, which are in the public domain, include:

  • Sharp and others v Lloyds Banking Group (re Lloyds’s acquisition of HBOS)
  • Noel Edmonds v Lloyds Banking Group
  • Consumers v VW re Dieselgate
  • Road Haulage Association v Truck manufacturers
  • Richard Lloyd v Google Inc (re data protection)
  • UK retailers v Mastercard and Visa (re interchange fees)
  • PCP Capital Partners v Barclays Bank plc
  • Bates & Ors v Post Office Ltd
  • Atlant Entreprenor v City of Oslo
  • Webb v GetSwift Ltd
  • Shareholders v Commonwealth Bank of Australia Ltd

3. Therium launches “Therium Access” to provide not-for-profit funding to improve access to justice in the UK

  • First initiative of its kind dedicated to facilitating access to justice in the litigation funding industry
  • Lord Falconer, former Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs and Secretary of State for Justice will chair the Advisory Committee
  • First round of grants to be announced in April 2019. Deadline for the next round of grant applications is 30 August www.theriumaccess.org
  • The launch of Therium Access coincides with Therium’s 10 year anniversary

Jersey, Channel Islands, 11 March, 2019. Therium Group Holdings Limited, one of the world’s leading providers of litigation, arbitration and specialty legal finance, today announced the launch of Therium Access, which will provide not-for-profit funding in order to facilitate access to justice.

Therium Access is the first-of-its-kind initiative in the litigation funding industry. Grants awarded by Therium Access are intended to provide access to justice to those who lack the funds necessary to pursue or defend claims, as well as to projects that seek to improve access to justice.

Therium Access is the primary expression of Therium’s corporate and social responsibility programme. Therium Access dispenses with the criteria of funding for profit and has the sole purpose of facilitating access to justice by funding cases and projects which could not usually be funded on a commercial basis. Therium Access is a mark of Therium’s wider commitment to the pursuit of justice and the rule of law, and its launch coincides with the firm’s 10th anniversary.

John Byrne, Co-Founder and CEO of Therium Capital Management Limited, said: “We are delighted to announce the launch of Therium Access, which is dedicated to improving access to justice by providing not-for -profit funding for cases and projects of public interest. Therium is ten years old this year and the making of the first Therium Access grants in April will be a fantastic way to mark the firm’s 10th anniversary.”

Lord Falconer, Chairman of Therium Access Advisory Committee, said: “I am delighted to chair this important initiative, which is a first for the litigation funding industry and will hopefully lead the way for further initiatives. The choking of legal support that we have witnessed in this country as a result of unprecedented cuts to legal aid has had drastic consequences on the vulnerable who are being denied access to justice, and on those individuals and organisations who work tirelessly to support them. The not-for-profit funding that Therium Access will provide through grants for cases and projects is urgently required to make some contribution towards restoring the right to legal support, which is the bedrock of our justice system.”

The first grants will be announced in April. The deadline for the submission of the next round of grant applications is 30 August 2019. Applications need to be made by legal representatives or the entity seeking a grant. The board of Therium Access will be assisted by an Advisory Committee which will be chaired by Lord Falconer, former Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs and Secretary of State for Justice. Further appointments to the advisory committee will be announced in due course.

Therium Access aims to support access to justice in the broadest terms and considers applications that further the following causes (in no particular order):

  • The right to legal representation or due process;
  • The proper and efficient administration of justice;
  • The advancement of human rights;
  • The promotion of equality of rights and diversity;
  • The protection of children, the elderly, the disabled, minorities, asylum seekers and other vulnerable or disadvantaged groups;
  • The advancement of environmental protection or improvement;
  • The promotion of legal education that furthers the causes listed above; and
  • Any other case or project in which a person, group, or entity will not have access to justice without financial assistance.
  • Therium Access is intended to be a global initiative, its initial focus will be on the UK and it will be rolled out in other jurisdictions in a number of planned phases

4. Therium launches full service litigation funding operations in Australia.

Melbourne/ London, Monday 15 October 2018. Therium Capital Management, a leading provider of litigation finance globally with over $800 million of assets under management, announced today that it is planning to launch a full service offering in Australia on 1 January 2019. Therium Australia will be based in Melbourne. Founded in 2009, Therium Capital Management is one of the largest and most established litigation financing firms in the world. The firm has funded claims valued at $36 billion.

Therium’s full service operations in Australia will be headed by Simon Dluzniak, an experienced litigation funding professional, who has worked in the industry in both Australia and the UK since the early 2000s.

Within Australia, Therium will finance class actions and general commercial, insolvency and arbitration claims. Therium Australia will also seek to develop the country’s emerging corporate funding and portfolio funding markets. Outside of Australia, Therium Australia will look to fund arbitration claims in Hong Kong and Singapore, both of which are emerging markets for litigation finance.

Therium has funded claims in Australia since 2011 and is currently funding high profile shareholder class actions against Commonwealth Bank of Australia Ltd, as well as delivery management software company GetSwift Ltd.

Neil Purslow, Co-Founder and Chief Investment Officer of Therium, will be speaking about litigation funding at a Herbert Smith Freehills class action panel in Melbourne on 17 October. He said: “We know the Australian litigation funding market well as we have been active in the country for several years. We are seeing a healthy demand for our services across a range of litigation areas and industries in Australia, so it is the natural moment for us to open an office in the country.

“The market in Australia for litigation funding of class actions, general commercial cases and insolvency matters is both well-established and currently very buoyant. There is also a very substantial opportunity for Australian corporates to use funding as a form of off balance sheet finance, and for us to also provide portfolio funding to them – and the law firms that act for them. Both of these are established funding practices in the UK and the USA.”

Therium has operations across Europe, including in the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain and Scandinavia, and in the USA. Therium was the first commercial litigation funder to be have operations on the ground in Germany and Scandinavia and it was the first European firm to launch a full service business in the USA.

Litigation funding allows individuals and companies to take on litigation and arbitration cases that they might not otherwise be able to afford, and/or to hedge the costs and risks involved in such matters. Therium pays for all of the costs, including adverse costs in the event that the case is lost, and only receives payment if the case is won.


5. Louise Hird joins Therium Capital Management in Melbourne from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission

  • Therium launched full service litigation funding operations in Melbourne on January 1, headed by Simon Dluzniak

Melbourne/ Jersey 30 January 2019. Therium Capital Management, a leading global provider of litigation finance, announced today that Louise Hird has been appointed to the firm as an investment manager. Louise joins Therium from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), where she was a director leading investigations focused on consumer and competition law.

Founded in 2009, Therium is one of the largest and most established litigation financing firms in the world. The firm has funded claims valued at $36 billion.

Therium Capital Management Australia Pty Ltd is headquartered in Melbourne and is led by Simon Dluzniak, who has worked in the funding industry in Australia and the UK since 2003.

Therium has funded claims in Australia since 2011 and is currently funding high profile shareholder class actions against the Commonwealth Bank of Australia Ltd and Spotless Group Holdings Ltd, as well as delivery management software company GetSwift Ltd. Therium Capital Management Australia will continue to finance class actions and general commercial, insolvency and arbitration claims. The firm will also seek to develop the country’s emerging corporate funding and portfolio funding markets, as well as investigate the funding of arbitration claims in Hong Kong and Singapore, both of which are emerging markets for litigation finance.

Simon Dluzniak, Head of Therium Capital Management Australia, said: “We are very excited about launching our office in Melbourne and delighted that Louise has joined the team. Her competition experience will be invaluable as we continue to deliver innovative funding solutions for our clients. Whilst our business has been very successful in Australia for some time and we are funding some major cases, having a team on the ground ensures that we are closer to our clients, and better positioned to capitalise on market opportunities in Australia and the Asia-Pacific region more broadly.”

Louise Hird, Investment Manager at Therium Capital Management Australia, said: “I have known of Therium for many years and have been hugely impressed. The team has tremendous experience in funding highly complex, often cross border cases, both claimant and defendant side, and has been at the forefront of developing the industry globally. I am very excited to join the firm and look forward to building the business further in Australia and the wider region, as well as working with our international teams to leverage Australia’s long standing experience of funding.”

Prior to joining Therium, Simon spent 12 years with another international funder, leading on cases in Australia and the UK. He has significant funding experience, particularly in relation to class action and insolvency litigation, having managed a number of high-profile funded cases in both jurisdictions. Previously, Simon worked with corporate regulators in Australia and the UK, and at Ernst & Young. He graduated from La Trobe University with degrees in Arts (BA) and Law (LLB) in 1997.

At the ACCC, Louise led a wide variety of investigations into misconduct in various industries. She has advised at a high level on enforcement strategy and case formulation in complex matters, and managed proceedings in the Federal Court of Australia. Louise has a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Melbourne and a Master of Laws (Juris Doctor) from Monash University.

Therium has operations across Europe, including in the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain and Scandinavia, and in the US. Therium was the first commercial litigation funder to have operations on the ground in Germany and Scandinavia and it was the first European firm to launch a full service business in the US.

Litigation funding allows individuals and companies to take on litigation and arbitration cases that they might not otherwise be able to afford, and/or to hedge the costs and risks involved in such matters. Therium pays for all of the costs, including adverse costs in the event that the case is lost, and only receives payment if the case is won.


6. Therium appoints Stephen Akers to lead its global insolvency practice

London, 20 November, 2018 – Therium Group Holdings Ltd., a leading provider of litigation finance globally with over $800 million of assets under management, has appointed Stephen Akers to lead its insolvency funding practice, based in London.

Stephen is one of the world’s leading insolvency practitioners, with a career stretching more than three decades, in which he has worked on some of the most complex, multi-jurisdictional insolvency cases involving substantial litigation. He has considerable experience of litigating in not just the UK but also in New York, Paris, Cayman Islands, BVI, Bermuda, Jersey and Guernsey, involving cases that have successfully recovered or defended many billions of dollars.

Stephen joins Therium from Grant Thornton where he was a partner for 16 years, following 15 years as a partner at Deloitte.

Neil Purslow, Co-Founder and Chief Investment Officer of Therium, said: “Stephen is one of the world’s preeminent insolvency professionals and we are delighted that he has joined Therium to lead our global insolvency litigation funding practice, which is a strong area of focus for the firm. He has tremendous global experience, having worked on some of the most high profile, multi-jurisdiction insolvency matters. We look forward to him leading our growing insolvency litigation funding practice, where we see huge opportunity.”

Stephen’s high profile insolvency cases include:

Saad Group of Companies. Liquidator regarding the winding up of mainly Cayman Islands companies within the Saudi Saad Group that in 2009 defaulted on a $2.8bn revolving credit facility advance by a syndicate of banks led by Barclays. After seven years, including a lengthy trial in Cayman, interlocutory applications, and a huge investigatory and forensic analysis, the liquidation group convinced the Cayman Court that the companies’ owners and controllers had carried out the world’s largest Ponzi scheme, with loans of $330bn being churned over nearly three decades, impacting over 100 banks.

Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA. Liquidation of BCCI, once the world’s seventh largest bank, which failed in 1991. The bank was riddled with fraud and money laundering and was closed following coordinated action by the UK, US and Luxembourg regulators. It was the largest bank failure of its time, involving $10bn of liabilities worldwide. Stephen was a liquidator of the UK business, which represented the largest part of the group balance sheet.

Madoff Securities Limited. UK liquidation of the only Madoff entity outside of the US, used to wash funds through London as part of the $68bn Ponzi scheme.

Kaupthing Bank hf. Roles for Icelandic bank Kaupthing’s Winding-Up Committee, including matters involving Vincent Tchinguiz’s and Robert Tchenguiz’s family trusts, and liquidations of BVI companies involved with credit default swaps with Deutsche Bank.

Therium is one of world’s leading litigation financing firms. The firm has funded claims valued at $36 billion and has operations across Europe, including in the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain and Scandinavia, and in the US. Therium was the first commercial litigation funder to be have operations on the ground in Germany and Scandinavia and it was the first European firm to launch a full service business in the US. In October, Therium announced that it plans to launch operations in Australia in January 2019.

In Chambers and Partners’ inaugural litigation support directory this year, Therium was ranked as a Tier 1 litigation funder.

Litigation funding allows individuals and companies to take on litigation and arbitration cases that they might not otherwise be able to afford, to hedge the costs and risks involved in such matters and to monetise the value of claims.


7. Is litigation funding about to take off in the Nordics?
By Henrik Berg and Henrik Jensen, Therium Nordic AS

The Nordic countries, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway – and of course Iceland with its proud history of “Alltinget”, established in 930 – share a common legal heritage, system and culture.

Based on civil law, we have developed a transparent, objective and efficient legal system with strong institutions that have a high level of acceptance and trust by society in general.

The Nordic countries also share a business culture with relatively little conflict. Trust between parties is generally high, so there is a common willingness to settle disagreements amicably outside courts, and claims and legal fees are therefore fairly moderate.

However, the number of disputes in and outside the court system are increasing. To a great extent this is because of the growth in private and public mega infrastructure investments (on-shore and off-shore), the ever more complex international business environment, and the more regulated society in general. Stockholm is a leading international arbitration centre, especially for investment state dispute arbitration, and this is also contributing to the increased level of litigation in the Nordics.

As a result, the cost of legal advice in general and litigation, in particular, is on the rise.

Another important element of the Nordic legal industry is the strict code of ethics issued by its Bar Associations, which prohibit lawyers’ use of success fees.

Combined with the rising cost of litigation, clients with strong claims but with limited resources or a low risk appetite, face serious obstacles in pursuing their case, which are typically against counterparts that are financially much stronger.

The introduction of single case litigation funding in the Nordics provides the opportunity for such clients to bring their claims, therefore levelling out the playing field in “David and Goliath” type cases.

Oslo’s first funded case took place in 2018 and showed that the concept of third party funding works in the Nordic legal system. Importantly, no legal constraints were identified during the process, neither with regards to the code of ethics for lawyers nor the Norwegian Dispute Act.

On the contrary, the judge in the City Court of Oslo showed a great interest in litigation funding when Henrik A. Jensen, Chairman of Therium Capital Management Nordic, and a Norwegian lawyer with admittance to the Supreme Court, was called as a witness in the case to explain how funding enabled access to justice. And this was achieved when the case was won a few weeks later and the verdict not appealed by the municipality of Oslo.

Therium Capital Management is the only funder with offices in the Nordics and our competitive edge is built not only on our experience but in tailoring our products to the needs and characteristics of each local market.

To us, funding “the Nordic way” means: conducting due diligence processes in-house to increase efficiency, being flexible to the needs of clients that need relatively small claim funds (sub £1-2 million), developing bespoke funding agreements, and working in very close partnership with our clients.

While litigation funding is still in its infancy in the Nordics, we believe that law firms and their clients have started to see the light. Funding has the potential to bring access to justice to many more claimants with strong cases – claims that otherwise would not be launched – and we expect to see a steady rise in the number of such cases brought in the Nordics.


8. Keynote events

Therium is regularly invited to attend and speak about litigation funding at law firms, barristers’ chambers and industry events. Do get in touch if you are interested in us speaking to your colleagues, or at one of your events.

Our recent engagements include the following:

4 April, Frankfurt
Neil Purslow and Simon Dluzniak spoke on litigation funding internationally at the DRRT 11th Annual Global Investor Loss Recovery Conference. Therium sponsored the event.

4 April, Singapore
Stephen Akers and Nicholas Moore attended the INSOL Annual Regional Conference

4 April, Copenhagen
Tim Mayer and Henrik Berg attended the Danish Institute of Arbitration’s Copenhagen Arbitration Day

4 April, New York
Eric Blinderman spoke about regulation at the Litigation Funding Forum.

3 April, Boston
Eric Blinderman spoke at the Harvard Litigation Finance Symposium about litigation finance and its role in the justice system.

2 April, Boston
Elizabeth Korchin spoke at the Harvard Litigation Finance Symposium about careers in litigation finance.

26 March, Dubai
Eric Blinderman and Elizabeth Korchin spoke at and moderated a panel at the 2nd International Litigation Legal Conference.

13-14 February, London
John Byrne addressed law students at the LSE on litigation funding in arbitration.

7-9 January, Cayman Islands
Tim Mayer and Stephen Akers attended the 2019 Caribbean Insolvency Symposium, organised by the American Bankruptcy Institute and the Recovery and Insolvency Specialists Association.

6 December, London
Neil Purslow spoke on a panel about Funding Securities Litigation at KNect365’s Securities Litigation summit.

28 November, Paris
Tim Mayer spoke at the 6th GAR Live summit on funding and its impact on the arbitration firm’s business model.

22 November, Madrid
Ignacio Delgado spoke at the Fourth Spanish ICC Forum on Arbitration.

19 November, Madrid
Tim Mayer spoke at the Fifth International Conference for a Euro-Mediterranean Community of International Arbitration.

19 November, New York
Therium sponsored the Serle Court International Trusts and Commercial Litigation Conference.

6 November, London
Neil Purslow spoke at the Cyber Risk Summit at the America Square Conference Centre.

19 October, Chicago
Eric Blinderman spoke at the 2018 ABA Class Action Institute.

17 October, Melbourne
Neil Purslow spoke at a Herbert Smith Freehills class action panel event.


9. Press highlights

The media follows Therium’s news and views. Below is a selection of recent press highlights

25 March
American Lawyer/Legal Week. Litigation Funder Therium Announces $430M Fund, Pushes Investments Past $1BN

25 March
The Australasian Lawyer. Global litigation funder exceeds $1 billion milestone

25 March
BBC Business. Noel Edmonds’ legal backer raises £325m

11 March
The Lawyer. Therium commits £1m per year to pro bono work

11 March
ITV News. Litigation firm Therium to fund not-for-profit cases as legal aid slashed

11 March
Financial Times. Therium sets up pro bono scheme to tackle legal aid gaps

1 February
Australasian Lawyer. Therium ramps up Australian presence and attracts ACCC director

21 November
Bloomberg. Stephen Akers appointment features in Bloomberg

11 December
Global Insolvency. Therium Appoints Stephen Akers to Lead its Global Insolvency Practice

20 November
Litigation Finance Journal. Therium Appoints Stephen Akers to Lead its Global Insolvency Practice

1 November
Litigation Funding. A changing landscape. Jeunesse Mensier on security for costs in funded investment arbitration

15 October
Australasia Lawyer. Therium to set up full-service shop down under amid ‘very buoyant’ market


10. In the spotlight with Thomas Nordby, partner at Schjødt in Oslo

From an Oslo viewpoint, how do you look upon the growth in litigation funding seen internationally?
With great interest! We have followed the development over some time, with both curiosity and a dose of scepticism. I believe we share a common legal culture in the Nordics; fairly efficient legal systems, a low threshold to settle cases out of court and generally speaking, fact based and objective court rulings. And potentially, litigation funding could rock the boat and introduce a non-objective element into the equation.

I still think litigation funding is in its infancy in the Nordics and that clients, law firms as well as the clients and courts need to get a better understanding of the concept.

Opportunities and constraints for litigation funding in the Nordics?
I do not see any formal or legal constraints, neither in the code of ethics for lawyers nor with regard to the dispute act of Norway. I still think it has to do with more knowledge and cultural barriers, and the fear of wrongdoing in the view of the legal society.

But given the ban on success fees for lawyers in our markets, litigation funding has the potential to bring access to justice to clients with strong claims, whom lack the ability or the willingness to take the risk.

Hence, I believe we will see a strong development going forward, even though we have seen few cases so far.

How about the potential of portfolio funding claims for blue chip companies?
Most of my corporate clients have a minimum of 3-5 ongoing disputes at all times. Everybody knows that disputes are demanding for the organisation, time consuming and tiring for the management. I believe portfolio funding, structured the right way, could be a very attractive option for general counsels and CFOs in the Nordics; reducing both working capital requirements and risk.

When time allows and you have time to read a book, what do you read?
I have five kids, so I honestly do not have much extra time in between work and family life. I like to read political biographies though. The last book I read was something different: The masterpiece “The Master and Margarita” written by the Russian author Mikhail Bulgakov during the Stalin’s regime, but not published before in the 1960s.

So not much time to go to the movies then?
Not as often as I would have liked, but I take my kids to the cinema occasionally. Last time, I took my 12 and 14-year-old girls to the 2018 remake of the American musical romantic drama “A star is born”. A feel good movie – highly recommended!

And what’s your favourite place for a business lunch in downtown Oslo?
I still think Theatercafeen, one of Oslo’s oldest restaurants, is one of the best places to have a business lunch. Although Theatercafeen is not that formal, I sometimes bring my clients for a plain burger at Døgnvill (“jet-lagged”) – the best burger in town. Nothing beats a good burger, really.